Status Of Agro-Industry Development
Ah. O.Auszheva, Kand, Technology, Docent, East Siberia State University of Technology and Management
The Republic of Buryatia is one of the largest agricultural areas of the Siberia Federal District with a developed processing industry. Gross agricultural output in 2009 was 13, 6 billion roubles, and the agricultural production index was 104.4 per cent. On this indicator, Buryatia has three seats in the Siberia Federal District. The Agro-Industry Complex (APC) of the Republic of Buryatia is a priority for the development of the region ' s economy.
Livestock and crop production are priority agricultural sectors. The existing feeding base and the potential of lakes and rivers enable the efficient production of environmentally sound products.
The Republic ' s APC has a significant potential for growth, i.e. meat products 47% of the market, dairy products 66% of the market, vegetables 31% of the market, poultry meat 99% of the market, and fish products 57% of the market.
As of 1 January 2011, there are 205 collective agricultural organizations in the Republic of Buryatia, 2,551 peasant (farmer) farms, 149 and 4,000 personal subsistence farms. APC of the Republic of Buryatia produces about 10 per cent of gross regional product. The population comprises 4 per cent of agricultural land, 82 per cent of cattle, 57 per cent of pigs, 50 per cent sheep and goats and over 80 per cent of gross agricultural products.
The Buryatia Land Fund exceeds 35 million ha and 56 per cent of the total area is allocated to agricultural land. In agriculture, the most developed were crops provided by crops of cereals, food, vegetables and potatoes. Of the 320, 7,000 ha of the total planting area, 212, 6,000 ha are cereal crops, mainly egg wheat, hinges and barrels. Livestock is recognized as the priority agricultural sector of the Republic, taking into account the natural and economic conditions. Its main areas are milk and meat pastoralism, sheep, piggyback, poultry.